Before you pick a 2018 diet plan, read this. U.S. News & World Report gathered a panel of experts to rank the popular diets out there and determined that the Mediterranean Diet is No. 1 in its Best Overall Diet category. The DASH diet tied for the top spot. The aim of this diet is preventing and lowering high blood pressure (hypertension). The claim to fame is a healthy eating pattern is key to deflating high blood pressure – and it may not hurt your waistline, either. The theory behind the science is nutrients like potassium, calcium, protein and fiber are crucial to fending off or fighting high blood pressure. You don’t have to track each one, just emphasize the foods you’ve always been told to eat (fruits, veggies, whole grains, lean protein and low-fat dairy), while limiting foods that are high in saturated fat, such as fatty meats, full-fat dairy foods and tropical oils, and sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets according to health.usnews.com. Top it all off by cutting back on salt, and voila! “The best diets are easy to follow, nutritious, safe and effective for weight loss and preventing diabetes and heart disease,” the report noted. Which diet came in last? The Keto Diet, with experts noting that a low-carbohydrate diet can be too extreme and so difficult to maintain for a longer period of time. You will see results from it, that much is true, but you might lose those results if you are unable to continue the lifestyle for a long period of time. The Keto diet has its roots in the decades-old therapeutic ketogenic diet. The ketogenic diet was used most notably to reduce hard-to-control seizures in children. Studies also suggest possible benefits in other brain conditions such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases. Recently, the diet was introduced as a weight-loss diet by an Italian professor of surgery, Dr. Gianfranco Cappello of Sapienza University in Rome. In his 2012 study, about 19,000 dieters received a high-fat liquid diet via a feeding tube inserted down the nose. The study showed an average weight loss of more than 20 pounds in participants, most of whom kept it off for at least a year. The researchers reported a few minor side effects, like fatigue. Today, several versions of the Keto diet (using real food) are detailed in books, blogs and Facebook posts. The common thread is choosing high-fat foods coupled with very low daily carbs. Guidebooks include “The Complete Ketogenic Diet for Beginners” by Amy Ramos and “The Keto Diet: The Complete Guide to a High-Fat Diet” by Leanne Vogel.